//&SIZE(30){COLOR(red){%%%Under Construction.%%%}};



** Notice for the S21A CfP at the Subaru Telescope [#od171d85]

SWIMS will be open &COLOR(red){with shared risk}; in S21A at the Subaru Telescope as a PI-type instrument.

All applicants are required to contact SWIMS team in advance.

Acceptable observing modes are ''normal'' and ''ToO''. No intensive nor service programs are accepted.

//*** Important Notice
//&COLOR(red){''SWIMS and MOIRCS operation in S21A''};

|''SWIMS and MOIRCS operation in S21A''|SWIMS will become a near-infrared instrument at Subaru Telescope from S21A to S22B &br;instead of MOIRCS. Final decision on the availability of SWIMS will be made in October &br;2020. We note that there still remain some uncertainties related to the COVID-19 situation. &br;In case SWIMS is unavailable in S21A, we will consider operating MOIRCS instead (if &br;there is a sufficient demand as a backup instrument). Those who propose observations &br;with SWIMS may want to request MOIRCS instead when SWIMS becomes unavailable. &br;However, this option cannot change the program's scientific purpose and method. Those &br;who want to choose this option can write the backup plan by MOIRCS on the technical &br;justification section. MOIRCS will be hibernated if SWIMS will be used for the open-use &br;programs. In any case, Subaru Telescope will not operate MOIRCS and SWIMS simultaneously.|
//*** Notice About Nasmyth/Cassegrain Instruments
//&COLOR(red){''Necessity of SWIMS Preimaging''};
|''Necessity of MOS Preimaging''|SWIMS/MOS applicants who need to take pre-images with SWIMS should explicitly request&br;it in the "Technical Justification" of the proposal. Please check the instrument web page&br;for more details.|
|''Number of MOS Masks''|SWIMS/MOS applicants must explicitly describe the required number of masks in Entry 16, &br;where the desired number as well as the minimum acceptable number should be clearly &br;specified. &COLOR(,yellow){We note that there are only four (4) MOS mask holders available at the beginning &br;of S21A.};|


** Brief Introduction to SWIMS [#lda96e4a]

&SIZE(18){''S''};imultaneous-color &SIZE(18){''W''};ide-field &SIZE(18){''I''};nfrared &SIZE(18){''M''};ulti-object &SIZE(18){''S''};pectrograph, or ''&COLOR(#0070c0){SW};'''I'''&COLOR(#f33838){MS};'', is an imager and multi-object spectrograph in the NIR wavelength of 0.9--2.5 $&u;m. The major feature is simultaneous two-color observing capability using two optical arms ('''blue'''=0.9--1.40 μm and '''red'''=1.45--2.5 μm).
It provides us with
- two-color simultaneous imaging with 6.6 × 3.3 arcmin^2 and 0.095 arcsec/pix sampling
- R ∼ 1000 multi-object slit spectroscopy (MOS) covering 0.9--2.5 μm for ∼ 40 objects/mask at maximum.

both with a single exposure.

|SWIMS|Component Assembly|f

** Field of Views [#r1c174f4]

The field of view (FoV) of the telescope is covered with two HAWAII-2RG focal plane arrays . Gaps between arrays are ∼ 2.3 mm or ∼ 130 pixels.
|''Imag. FoV'' [arcmin^2]|6.6 × 3.3|
|''Spec. FoV'' [arcmin^2]|2.8 × 3.3|
|''# of arrays per arm''|2&br;(4096 × 2048 pixels)|
|''Pixel scale'' [arcsec/pix]|0.095|
|''FoV Layout, &br;Extent of spectra, &br;and &br;Array configuration''|&ref(./material/fov_blue_subaru.png,,37%);&br;&ref(./material/fov_red_subaru.png,,37%);|
'''Light-shaded''' regions show the FoV for the imaging mode while '''dark-shaded''' regions for the spectroscopy mode (for full range of spectra).

'''Black dots''' represent positions of source in the imaging mode which are also equivalent to the spectral positions of undeviated wavelength (λ ∼ 1.027 μm for '''blue''', ∼ 1.734 μm for '''red''').

Each stripe indicates the full range of the spectrum obtained (from shorter on the left to longer wavelength on the right). Note that any optical aberrations are '''not''' considered which would make the spectrum slightly broaden.

** Available filters/grisms [#bf65cd76]

||Blue (0.9-1.4 μm)|Red (1.4-2.5 μm)|h
|''Broad-band''|'''Y''' (λc=1.027, Δλ=0.096) : &ref(./material/swims-y.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-y.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''J''' (1.251, 0.167) : &ref(./material/swims-j.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-j.dat,noimg,data);|'''H''' (1.644, 0.291) : &ref(./material/swims-h.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-h.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''Ks''' (2.139, 0.313) : &ref(./material/swims-ks.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-ks.dat,noimg,data);|
|''Medium-band''|'''J1''' (1.174, 0.118) : &ref(./material/swims-j1.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-j1.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''J2''' (1.294, 0.123) : &ref(./material/swims-j2.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-j2.dat,noimg,data);|'''H1''' (1.502, 0.121) : &ref(./material/swims-h1.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-h1.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''H2''' (1.617, 0.116) : &ref(./material/swims-h2.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-h2.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''H3''' (1.735, 0.117) : &ref(./material/swims-h3.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-h3.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''K1''' (2.023, 0.138) : &ref(./material/swims-k1.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-k1.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''K2''' (2.170, 0.140) : &ref(./material/swims-k2.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-k2.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''K3''' (2.314, 0.128) : &ref(./material/swims-k3.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-k3.dat,noimg,data);|
|''Narrow-band''|'''NB1244'''# (1.244, 0.015) : &ref(./material/swims-nb1244.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb1244.dat,noimg,data); &br;'''NB1261'''# (1.261, 0.016) : &ref(./material/swims-nb1261.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb1261.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''Paβ''' (1.294, 0.038) : &ref(./material/swims-nb1292.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb1292.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''Paβ-off''' (1.329, 0.033) : &ref(./material/swims-nb1326.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb1326.dat,noimg,data);|'''NB1630'''# (1.630, 0.017) : &ref(./material/swims-nb1630.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb1630.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''NB1653'''# (1.652, 0.016) : &ref(./material/swims-nb1653.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb1653.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''Paα''' (1.876, 0.022) : &ref(./material/swims-nb1875.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb1875.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''Paα-off''' (1.948, 0.036) : &ref(./material/swims-nb1945.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb1945.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''NB2137'''# (2.133, 0.021) : &ref(./material/swims-nb2137.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb2137.dat,noimg,data);&br;'''NB2167'''# (2.164, 0.022) : &ref(./material/swims-nb2167.jpg,noimg,plot); &ref(./material/swims-nb2167.dat,noimg,data);|
|''Grism''|'''zJ''' (2.40 Å/pix, R ∼ 700-1200 w/ 0.5" slit)|'''HKs''' (4.57 Å/pix, R ∼ 600-1000 w/ 0.5" slit)|

Filters followed by "#" are those for SWIMS-18 survey.
//We will kindly consider to use them for any other 
Requests for use for any other purpose will be also welcome. 

|Transmission curves|f

ASCII data for each filter transmittance : &ref(./material/;

** Detector Performance [#nba48521]
We utilize an ASIC, called SIDECAR, and its interface board, JADE-2, which control all of readout functions, to efficiently operate HAWAII-2RG arrays.

Under cryogenic condition (∼ 77K), the detector performance has been assessed, as listed below.

||'''blue''' left (b2)|'''blue''' right (b1)|'''red''' left (r1)|'''red''' right (r2)|h
|''Array ID and grade''|#17285 ENG|#16321 SCI|#196 SCI|#206 SCI|
|''Dark Current'' [e-/sec/pix]|< 0.05|---|< 0.03|< 0.06|
|''Readout Noise'' (CDS and 32 Fowler) [e-]|∼ 22, ∼ 7|∼ 18, ∼ 4|∼ 20, ∼ 4|∼ 20, ∼ 5|
|''Frame Readout Time'' [sec]|>|>|>|CENTER:1.48 (32-ch readout w/ 100 kHz pixel rate)|
|''Minimum Exposure Time'' including Overheads [sec]|>|>|>|CENTER:∼ 8|
|''FITS creation Time''|>|>|>|CENTER: t_frame (1.48 sec) + t_exp + t_overhead (∼ 6.5 sec + t_frame*n_read)|
|~|>|>|>|- t_frame: time to read 2K × 2K pixels&br;- t_exp: exposure time for each pixel (from the 1st to the 2nd readout)&br;- t_overhead: parameter setting, CDS calculation, # of Fowler.&br;- n_read: # of Fowler sampling. |

Note that Up-the-Ramp sampling mode is '''not''' available due to hardware limitation.

The cryogenic performance evaluation of Array #16321 will be completed in the next engineering run scheduled in Oct 2020.
We expect to achieve the similar performance as #196 and #206.

** Multi-object Spectroscopy Unit [#i3247456]

The cryogenic storage called the carousel have 23 slots.
Of them, several kinds of engineering-use masks and long-slit masks (one slot each), and one Integral Field Spectroscopy Unit (IFU) module (occupying two slots) are exclusively assigned.
Other (∼ 15) slots can be used for users' MOS masks.
At the moment, there are only four slit mask frames for science use, which would constrain the number of frames in a observing night.
To use more than 5 frames, it requires thermal cycle of the carousel which takes about 2 days for warming and 3 days for cooling.

The time for target acquisition is about 15 minutes.
The time required to exchange from one mask to another is about 2.5 minutes (and additional 5 seconds/slot to rotate the carousel).

Note that IFU function is '''not''' available in S21A.

&COLOR(red){''Mask design and spectral coverage''};: The array gap (∼ 130 pix) produces a lack of spectral data (∼ 312 Å for '''blue''' and 594 Å for '''red''').
Pay attention to that in designing your slit mask(s).
The only way to obtain the full spectral information between 0.9--2.5 μm is to prepare another slit mask in which the slit pattern is the same but all the slits are moved (more than 130 pix) along spatial direction.

** Sensitivity [#pe32fc66]
Total throughput including the telescope and the atmosphere is evaluated to be ∼ 0.4 for imaging and ∼ 0.3 for spectroscopy.

The following sensitivities (AB mag) are calculated with assumptions of seeing size=0.5 arcsec (photometry aperture radius=0.5 arcsec for point source or spatial extent=5.0 arcsec for extended source), exposure time=1 hr, and S/N=5.

Note that these values may change according to the background conditions of OH airglow and thermal emission.

- Imaging
|''Point source'' [mag]|'''Y'''=25.2, '''J'''=24.9, '''H'''=24.2, '''Ks'''=24.4 |'''J1-2'''~25.0, '''H1-3'''~23.7, '''K1-3'''~24.0|
|''Extended source'' [mag/arcsec^2]|TBW|TBW|
//|''Extended source'' [mag/arcsec^2]|'''Y'''=27.6, '''J'''=27.2, '''H'''=26.9, '''Ks'''=26.9|

(Update 2020.9.2) Expected limiting magnitudes of other filters are available in 
[[Workshop Presentation>>]], page 16. Note that these values especially for narrow-band filters are highly uncertain.

- Spectroscopy (slit width=0.5" assumed, no binning applied along wavelength direction)
|''Point source'' [mag]|'''J'''=21.1, '''H'''=20.7, '''Ks'''=20.9|
|''Extended source'' [mag/arcsec^2]|TBW|
//|''Extended source'' [mag/arcsec^2]|'''J'''=21.1, '''H'''=20.4, '''Ks'''=20.3|

(Update 2020.9.2) Incorporating the results of test observations, more realistic value for spectroscopy is following :
|''Point source'' [mag]|'''J'''=20.8, '''H'''=20.6, '''Ks'''=20.5|

This is due to 
- Lower grism efficiency at K-band than at H
- Lower quantum efficiency of a detector in blue-channel than the other

** Data Reduction Pipeline [#c91648cc]

We will offer a reduction pipeline for imaging data. 
The pipeline is written in Python, which has been confirmed to work with Python 2.7 and 3.7, and follows standard procedures from flat-fielding to final stacking.

We have no dedicated tools for spectroscopic data at the moment.
Other pipelines such as [[MCSMDP for MOIRCS>]] may work with SWIMS data, or certainly IRAF is also useful (although it has not been maintained any more).

** Instrument Papers [#l1b2f05f]

*** Overview [#vfc389d4]
- Konishi, M., et al., ''Development status of the simultaneous two-color near-infrared multi-object spectrograph SWIMS for the TAO 6.5m telescope'', [[Proceedings of the SPIE 10702, 1070226 (2018)>]]
- Motohara, K., et al., ''NIR camera and spectrograph SWIMS for TAO 6.5m telescope: overview and development status'', [[Proceedings of the SPIE 9908, 99083U (2016)>]]
- Motohara, K., et al., ''Development of a simultaneous two-color near-infrared multi-object spectrograph SWIMS for the TAO 6.5-m telescope'', [[Proceedings of the SPIE 9147, 91476K (2014)>]]

*** Detector Control [#x9722daa]
- Terao, Y., et al., ''NIR camera and spectrograph SWIMS for TAO 6.5m telescope: array control system and its performance'', [[Proceedings of the SPIE 9915, 99151W (2016)>]]
-  Todo, S., et al., ''Optimization and performance of H2RG detectors and SIDECAR ASICs for SWIMS'', [[Proceedings of the SPIE 9154, 91541L (2014)>]]

*** Multi-Object Spectroscopy Unit (MOSU) [#l702403e]
- Takahashi, H., et al., ''Development of multi-object spectroscopy unit for simultaneous-color wide-field infrared multi-object spectrograph'', [[Proceedings of the SPIE 9147, 91476N (2014)>]]

** Contact [#ccb876fa]
If you have any questions, contact us at

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